Dermatology

Dermatology

Department of Dermatology At Sultan Al Olama Medical in Dubai offers patients comprehensive services for medical skin conditions, as well as beauty procedures related to the skin.

Department Consultants specialize in the diagnosis, treatment and/or management of the following non-cosmetic conditions:

  • Skin and soft tissue tumors (both benign and malignant).
  • Skin cancer.
  • Chronic skin conditions, including psoriasis.
  • Dermatology conditions caused by allergies.
  • Acne and couperose (rosacea).
  • Excessive/abnormal sweating (hyperhidrosis).
  • Infectious and autoimmune diseases of the skin.
  • Nail and hair conditions, including hair loss (alopecia).
  • Pigmentation disorders, including vitiligo and melasma.
  • Venereology: diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases
  • Pediatric skin conditions, including eczema and rashes.
  • Laser Hair Removal 
  • Anti-aging Treatment (Botox - Fillers ) 
  • Mesotherapy 
  • prp Plasma 
  • Chemical peel 
  • Botox Treatment 
  • Fillers 
  • pigmentation treatmnet  
  • Eczema treatment 
  • Melasma Treatment 

Skin pigmentation

 refers to the disorder that alters the color of the skin and creates dark spots on the surface of the skin. The natural aging process and prolonged exposure to the sun may increase the amount of melanin in the skin which ultimately causes pigmentations. This ailment can be seen in any part of the body regardless of the skin type. There are a lot of techniques are used to cure this skin condition, but here are the most effective pigmentation treatment options available till date.

 Skin Pigmentation is nature’s way of protecting skin from the hazardous effects of UV (ultraviolet) radiation which is abundant in sunlight.

Sun exposure encourages our skin cells to produce melanin, a brown pigment. Melanin absorbs or scatters radiation in order to protect the DNA of the skin from ultraviolet rays, and help prevent the development of skin cancer (melanoma) or other health conditions associated with excessive exposure to solar radiation.

The amount of melanin in skin determines its colour and shade. The higher the melanin production, the darker the skin. An even skin tone indicates that this cell-protecting pigment is evenly distributed in the top layer (epidermis) of the skin, and is typical of young skin.

Melasma. This is a familiar and somewhat feared term, related to brown to grey-brown patches of pigmentation on the face. It usually shows up on the cheeks, bridge of the nose, forehead, chin and above the upper lip, as well as the forearms and neck. Melasma is usually triggered by hormonal changes associated with pregnancy (which is why the condition is also known as a pregnancy mask), use of birth control pills, hormone replacement or thyroid dysfunction.

Lentigo, commonly called age spots, sun spots or liver spots, is another form of hyperpigmentation. Lentigenes, as these spots are referred to, arise from intrinsic ageing of skin, as well as excessive sunlight.

Hyperpigmentation may also occur at a specific spot, following a minor injury or even a pimple.

Topical Medications

Topical products are essential for the pigmentation that exist at the topmost layer of the skin. Products like hydroquinone, retinoids, kojic acid and azelaic acid are essential remedies for skin discoloration.

Oral Medications

Oral medications are additionally a treatment alternative for pigmentation yet are appropriate for specific sorts of staining only.

Chemical peels for skin pigmentation

This is one of the most effective non-invasive treatment option for pigmentation. The procedure includes applying concoction on the skin that peels off the upper layer of skin uncovering new sound and clear skin. Synthetic peels are available in various qualities relying upon the seriousness of the condition.

Laser Treatment

Laser treatment is additionally powerful to reduce the pigmentation stamps on the skin. Laser treatment not just expels the pigmented blemishes on the skin yet, in addition, advances skin recovery and generation of new collagen. Different sorts of lasers are accessible yet Pico laser and fractional CO2 lasers are for the most part utilized for treating pigmentation.

Pigmentation Causes

There are different reasons for pigmentation, which include:

  • Genetics

  • prolonged sun exposure

  • Hormonal changes.

  • Certain meds.

Recovery

Compound peeling does not require any downtime and the recuperation time frame is additionally short. You will have the capacity to continue your everyday routine soon after the treatment. In any case, you may encounter some reactions, those are impermanent and die down in two or three days. Dryness, redness and flaky patches are some regular reactions of synthetic peeling. Recuperation period and reactions change contingent upon the sort of peel.

Acne Treatment 

Of all the skin conditions that could show up in our lives, few are as persistent as acne. It is commonly understood as a teenage problem, but recurs as late-onset acne that comes on after the age of 25. And that’s not all. As many as half of all adult women experience some form of acne due to hormonal changes during perimenopause.

There’s a visible difference between teenage and adult acne. Teenage spots are most common on the oily T-zone (forehead, nose, chin and area circling the mouth). Adult-onset acne is usually seen on the cheeks, chin, jawline and neck, called the U-zone. It tends to be inflammatory, so while it may show up at fewer spots than teenage acne, adult acne occurs as hard, stubborn nodules, and takes longer to resolve.

Acne can have a devastating effect on self-esteem and confidence, driving many sufferers to withdraw socially. What makes it even more painful are the physical and emotional scars left behind. However, the good news is that we can treat most acne, and acne scars as well, with best results.

What causes Acne?

It all begins in the skin’s oil glands. The oils travel up a canal called a follicle (which also contains a hair) and empty onto the skin surface through the follicle’s opening, or pore.
The hair, oil and cells that line the narrow follicle can form a plug that blocks the pore, preventing oil from reaching the skin’s surface. This mix of oil and cells allows bacteria that normally live on the skin to grow in plugged follicles. The body’s defence system then moves to attack the bacteria and the area gets inflamed.

If the plug or blockage stays beneath the skin, it creates a white bump called a whitehead. If it reaches the surface of the skin and opens up, you get a blackhead. Both whiteheads and blackheads may stay in the skin for a long time. Eventually, the wall of the plugged follicle can break down, leading to pimples, or zits.

A key factor in acne is an increase in certain hormones during puberty. These hormones cause the oil glands to enlarge and produce more oil. Hormone changes related to pregnancy, the premenstrual phase, or stress – especially when internalised – can also cause acne.

Botox Injections

Botox is a brand name for botulinum toxin and these injections block certain chemical signals from nerves, that cause muscles to contract. Botox injections are noted primarily for their ability to temporarily relax the facial muscles that cause wrinkles in the forehead and around the eyes.

Botox injections are used for both cosmetic and therapeutic treatments. Botox is a brand name for botulinum toxin, which blocks the nerves that contract muscles under the skin. Botulinum toxin is used in the treatment of an overactive bladder, urinary incontinence, chronic migraines, spasticity, neck spasms, excessive underarm sweating, eyelid spasms, crossed eyes, and drooling. Botox injections may also help prevent chronic migraines.

They are also used for the treatment of facial lines and wrinkles, which when injected into muscles temporarily improves the look of severe forehead lines, crow’s feet lines, and frown lines between the eyebrows in adults. 

Signs & Symptoms: 

Botox injections are used when the following signs and symptoms are exhibited:

  • Bladder dysfunction with a strong need to urinate, leaking accidents, and urgent and frequent urination.

  • Chronic migraine.

  • Muscle stiffness in elbow, wrist, finger, thumb, ankle, and toe muscles. 

  • Abnormal head position and neck pain as in cervical dystonia.

  • Lazy eye – imbalance in the eye muscle or abnormal twitching of the eyelids.

  • Hyperhidrosis - excessive sweating which is not connected to high temperature or exertion.

  • Severe wrinkles on forehead or corners of the mouth, crow’s feet lines, and frown lines between the eyebrows, bunny lines on the nose or chin that appears “cobblestoned”. 

Treatment Options: 

  • Botox injections are popular for reducing of facial wrinkles. This medicine is injected into a muscle at intervals of at least 3 months and may be injected into more than one area at a time, depending on the condition being treated.

  • Treatment for eye muscle conditions - eye drops, ointment, and a protective contact lens is required to protect the surface of your eye.

  • Treatment for excessive sweating - shave your underarms about 24 hours before your injection. Avoid exercise, hot foods or beverages and use of deodorants before the injection.

  • The effects of Botox injections are temporary. Your symptoms may return completely within 3 months. After repeat injections, your symptoms may return sooner, especially if your body develops antibodies to the botulinum toxin.

What is eczema?

Eczema is also known as atopic dermatitis and is a condition that makes your skin red and itchy. These brownish-gray patches, may appear on the hands, feet, ankles, wrists, neck, upper chest, eyelids and inside the bend of the elbows and knees. It may be accompanied by asthma or hay fever.

Causes

While the exact causes of eczema are not known, most research has found a combination of genetic factors and certain triggers. An over-active immune system in the individual causes an inflammation in response to certain triggers. Some people with eczema are found to have a mutation of the gene that is responsible for creating the protein called filaggrin.



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Sultan Al Olama Medical Center (SAMC) are designer clinics in the Emirate of Dubai. Sultan Al Olama Medical Center have 6 branches located in the centers of Dubai’s commercial and residential districts. Sultan Al Olama Medical Center offers services in 15 specialties to clients from a number of backgrounds including the local Emirati community and western expatriates.


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